Urbanization comes with it some challenges including poverty, inequality, exclusion and environmental degradation, resulting in rapid expansion of settlements due to increased agglomeration and migration. Some of these challenges can be addressed by interventions such as improved governance, strengthened planning and management, adoption of innovative technology and sustainable interventions. The complexities of the challenge require effective targeting of the poorest of the urban population. Informal urban dwellers, often located at the “waste” areas of the urban space, engaged in menial jobs and surviving on unpredictable incomes from the informal sector becomes a veritable target.
The Land, Services and Citizenship (LSC) II is a buildup on LSC I which was implemented between 2011- 2013 in four Municipalities (Ashaiman, Tema, Ledzokuku-Krowor, and Adentan). LSC I increased public knowledge and provided information on characteristics of selected slums in the four municipalities. It also contributed to the development of the advocacy and negotiation capacity of community leaders, representatives of urban poor communities, as well as assembly members and selected municipal officials. It created the unique platform for the Ghana Federation of the Urban Poor (GHAFUP) and People’s Dialogue (PD) to effectively engage with local government and to leverage technical expertise and other resources.
LSC II (2015-2016) covers seven MMAs including AMA. The main objective of LSC II include the development of citywide settlement profiles and maps within the GAMA enclave. This primarily involved profiling markets and informal economic activities. The project also seeks to strengthen the collaboration and partnership with ILGS, KNUST, MLGRD and GIZ to influence the activation of advocacy forums and city level dialogues. All sub metros in AMA were profiled and mapped, advocacy and capacity building activities were also done.
This report is a summary of the highlights and findings from the detailed reports of the individual sub-metros. It provides a snap-shot of the key activities, outcomes and findings of the LSC II programme in AMA.
Two hundred and sixty-five (265) slums were identified with varied stages of development and characteristics. Slums were characterised according to their socio origins and stages of slum development.