Land Services and Citizenship project (LSC I&II), targeted building the capacity of the urban poor for inclusive development in Ghana. LSC was a country programme and a partnership initiative with a focus on the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA) to align urban development efforts at the national, local and community levels.
The project achieve the following objectives;
- increased public knowledge and information available on the magnitude and characteristics of settlements of the urban poor in GAMA.
- strengthened capacity of communities and local government institution to actively engaged in constructive, result-oriented community-local government dialogue.
This was done through;
- creating city-level profiling and mapping (includes informal trading spaces for selected MMAs)
- activating advocacy platforms and city-level dialogues for communities and organised groups
- capacity building for local government institutions and communities for effective engagement
In 2013, the People’s Dialogue on Human Settlements and Women in Informal Employment: Globalising and Organising (WIEGO) in Accra, Ghana initiated The Accra Local Economic Development (LED) Forum as part of the Informal City Dialogues process which sought to understand the relationship between the formal and informal in our cities and to envision a different, more inclusive and resilient future. This Project was under the sponsorship of the Rockefeller Foundation, the Institute of International Education, Inc. (IIE) ICD city grants with fund leverage from the Slum Dwellers’ International (SDI).
The Accra LED Forum was an institutional framework for developing collaborative strategies to support informal traders, led by the traders themselves. Its main aim was to enable Accra’s informal traders to build their capacity to engage private sector, traditional, local and national authority around urban spaces, an enabled environment for income generating activities, affordable basic infrastructure and livelihoods.
Some key achievement include;
- Creating Board Level Governance of the LED Forum
- Creating the Informal Traders Local Economic Development (LED) Forum
- Savings Groups Formation and Development
- Background Research and Knowledge Database
- Negotiations and meetings with City/National Government
The Queensland School which was originally a wooden structure has a pre-school, primary and junior high school (JHS). The intervening led to renovation and furnishing of a storey building school facilities and giving scholarships to 20 children from Agbogbloshie to attend the PQ School, support the parents/guardians of the children to from a savings and loans group (within the GHAFUP microfinance scheme), explore ways of strengthening KAYA as representative group of female headporters in Old Fadama and Accra in general.
SPEFA was the third component of Local Government Capacity Support Project (LGCSP) to stimulate demand for financial accountability from Urban Assemblies by the civil society. PD implemented SPEFA in 4 MMAs (Ga South, Ga West, Ashaiman and Accra Metropolitan Assemblies).
Through Fora and Town Hall meetings community stakeholders were imparted with knowledge in Public Financial Management processes, participation and demand for accountability in governance.
People’s Dialogue under the American Jewish World Service (AJWS) grants implemented community-led response to HIV/AIDS programme in Ashaiman. The project was implemented from July 2007 to July 7 2009. The 2 year project,Community-Led Response to HIV/AIDS through Care, Campaign and Economic Empowerment’ programme had remarkable impact in the target communities through effective collaboration between Peoples Dialogue (PD) and the Ghana Federation of the Urban Poor (GHAFUP).
Some of the key results under the project were:
- High use of condoms as a means of protection against HIV/AIDS contraction especially among commercial sex workers and the youth
- Access to information on personal rights become easy due to the free interaction of GHAFUP members in the target communities and absence of fear, especially in talking about condoms, sex and HIV/AIDS, which sometime past were considered profane within the target communities
- Women were encouraged through this project to be more active in community change processes. Most women involved in this project were seen as more active GHAFUP members than before, earning them several opportunities to participate in both local and international exchange events.
- The project improved the income levels of over 60 vulnerable women in the target communities through micro-credit support, entrepreneurship skills training and business management strategies.
- Stigma and discrimination against PLWHA has decreased over the period as a result of the consistent community education campaigns, workshops and regular involvement of infected and affected persons in GHAFUP activities.
The Social Inclusion Transfer (SIT) Scheme at Local Level was a sub-component of the Social Capital and Investment Support component of the five-year Urban Poverty Reduction Project (UPRP). This was aimed at contributing to Ghana’s efforts to achieving the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) that calls for a reduction by half of the proportion of the poor living on less than a dollar a day.
The development aim of this sub-component of the Social Capital and Investment Support component of UPRP was to integrate the critically poor and non-viable households into the GPRS policy and budgeting process. The development and strengthening of social inclusion at local level targeted people below the extreme poverty line to receive Social Inclusion Transfers (SIT) through a scheme that promoted principles of social protection provision to the poorest as a “right”.
People’ Dialogue consistently worked with local assemblies to involve the urban poor directly in development planning activities at the local assembly. Based on this experience, PD developed a data on poor households in 3 sub-metro districts of the Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA) namely – Ayawaso East, Ayawaso West and Okaikoi North for Social Inclusion Transfer. The beneficiaries included children of school going age, youth for skill training, lactating mothers, people living with HIV and AIDS, people with disability and the aged.